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Basic Words and Phrases for Transportation in Chinese

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Getting around is probably one of the first lessons you should learn in Chinese if you’re going to travel in China. This article will introduce some basic vocabulary and phrases to use when taking public transport. You can also take a look at our previous article all about asking for directions and location in Chinese to complete the lesson.

Modes of Transport

Modes of Transportation in Chinese

To say ‘take’ or ‘to go by’ a mode of transport, for the most part, the pattern is  (zuò) + transportation. 坐  (zuò) means to sit or take transportation:

坐车 (zuò chē) – to go by car

    出租车 (chū zū chē) – taxi

    火车 (huǒ chē) – train

    地铁 (dì tiě) – metro

    飞机 (fēi jī) – plane

    公共汽车 (gōng gòng qì chē) – bus

 公交车 (gōng jiāo chē) is now commonly used in spoken Chinese.

The noun for car is 汽车 (qì chē), but when used after a verb, as in the example above or 买车 (mǎi chē) ‘to buy a car’, we remove the 汽 (qì), meaning ‘steam’.

You can also use the term 打车 (dǎ chē), when talking about taking a taxi.

To say ‘ride’, we use the character  (qí) instead of 坐 (zuò) .

单车 (qí dān chē) – ride a bike

    摩托车 (mó tuō chē) – motorbike

     (mǎ) – horse

Bicycle can also be 自行车 (zì xíng chē).

If you want to talk about going somewhere on foot, then the verb 走 (zǒu) is used.

走路 (zǒu lù) – to walk

Getting on or into a vehicle, use the phrase:

 (shàng) + vehicle

上车 (shàng chē) – Get in the vehicle

Getting out of a vehicle uses the expression:

 (xià) + vehicle

下地铁 (xià dì tiě) – Get off the metro

These can also be used to board or disembark a flight.

上飞机 (shàng fēi jī) – Board a flight

下飞机 (xià fēi jī) – Disembark a flight

Using Public Transportation

Using Public Transportation

The following list are useful words to know when taking public transportation:

 (zhàn) / 车站 (chē zhàn) – station/stop

 (lù) – road/route

线 (xiàn) – line (metro line)

路口 (lù kǒu) – crossroads

红绿灯 (hóng lǜ dēng) – traffic lights

掉头 (diào tóu) – U-turn

We talked more about asking where a place is in the article Expressing Location and Directions in Chinese, but below are some instructions on taking public transport in Chinese.

从这里到景田图书馆坐几路车?(cóng zhè lǐ dào jǐng tián tú shū guǎn zuò jǐ lù chē) – Which route do I take from here to Jingtian library?

 (lù) is used in this instance to mean the ‘number’ or ‘route of a bus.

要坐几站?(yào zuò jǐ zhàn) – How many stops do I go?

 (yào) does not mean ‘want’, in this sentence, but ‘need’ or ‘take’.

我可以坐公共汽车吗?(wǒ kě yǐ zuò gōng gòng qì chē ma?) – Can I take a bus?

你坐地铁一号线。(nǐ zuò dì tiě yī hào xiàn) – Take metro line one.

 (hào) is the measure word for numbers in Chinese.

For example:

电话号码 (diàn huà hào mǎ) – Telephone number

九号 (jiǔ hào) – The 9th (of the month)

Buying Tickets

Buying Tickets in Chinese

 (piào) – ticket

护照 (hù zhào) – passport

窗口 (chuāng kǒu) – ticket window

单程 (dān chéng) – one way

往返 (wǎng fǎn) – return

我要买一张票。(wǒ yào mǎi yī zhāng piào) – I want to buy a ticket.

 (zhāng) is the measure word for flat objects, such as paper, tickets and tissue.

往返票是多少钱?(wǎng fǎn piào shì duō shao qián) – How much is a return ticket?

我要订单程票。(wǒ yào dìng dān chéng piào) – I want to book a one way ticket.

Taking a Flight

Taking a Flight in Chinese

机场 (jī chǎng) – Airport

机票 (jī piào) – Flight ticket

航班 (háng bān) – Flight

登机牌 (dēng jī pái) – Boarding pass

转机 (zhuǎn jī) – Transfer

登机口 (dēng jī kǒu) – Departure gate

靠走廊 (kào zǒu láng) – Aisle seat

靠窗座位 (kào chuāng zuò wèi) – Window seat

海关 (hǎi guān) – Customs

错过航班 (cuò guò háng bān) – Missed flight

航班延误了。(háng bān yán wu le) – Delayed flight.

你们还有紧急出口座位吗?(nǐ men hái yǒu jǐn jí chū kǒu zuò wèi ma?) Do you have seats with extra leg room? (Literal: Do you have a seat next to the emergency exit?)

Exercises

Post your homework below, and we will check it for you. The answers are in the comments section of Because, If and Not Only: Chinese Conjunctions Part 2.

1. Translate the following:

a. How do you go to work everyday?

b. By metro.

2: Excuse me, are there any window seats left?

 
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