Use this tool to add tone marks to pinyin or to convert tone number (e.g. hao3) to tone marks.

Although you can use the red buttons to add tone marks, we highly recommend you use the number method (e.g. hao3) for speed and placement of the accent above the correct vowel. [Hint: Type "v" for "ü"]
Note: You do not need to use this tool to enter pinyin in this dictionary.

How to Learn Chinese Characters That Look Alike

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If you are only just starting out learning Chinese characters you may have already come across some Chinese characters that, to the inexperienced eye, look exactly the same. It’s different to get over the idea that they are different and that it is possible, by following some simple rules, to distinguish between these characters.

How to Learn Chinese Characters Through Context

If you have read some of our other articles, or have been studying Chinese for a while, you may have started learning Chinese with Pinyin. Although there are several drawbacks to only studying Pinyin as a method of learning Chinese, it can be used at the beginning of your studies to not only perfect your Chinese pronunciation, but to also learn the different pronunciations for one single character.

Sometimes, one Chinese character may have multiple pronunciations and meanings. For example, the character  you may already know means ‘good’ with the hǎo pronunciation. However, this character has a second, although less common pronunciation, hào. If you are reading Chinese, how do you know whether the character is the hǎo or the hào version of the character? Most of the time, the answer simply lies in the context or nature of the conversation. For characters like this, when one pronunciation is used much more than the other, the context of the conversation would allow you to choose the hǎo pronunciation.

For example, if you were to see this sentence, 这种菜很好吃。(zhè zhǒng cài hěn hǎo chī.) it would be pretty difficult to mistake the pronunciation or meaning as hào, meaning ‘to be fond’.

How to Learn Chinese Characters With Bigrams

Sometimes, there are also characters that have 2 or more pronunciations that are frequently used, and context may not be sufficient enough to know which pronunciation to use.

Let’s look at the character .  has two pronunciations and two meanings. The first pronunciation is (hái) meaning ‘still’ and (huán), meaning ‘to return’.

If you have learned this character, you may know some of the common ways in which the character can be found in a sentence. In the sentence below, for example, the  (huán) character is followed by  (gěi) meaning ‘to give’. Even if you have never learned this combination of characters before, you might be able to guess what 还给 (huán gěi) means, if  (huán) is ‘to return’ and  (gěi) is ‘to give’.

他给她打开门锁,并把钥匙交还给了她。(tā gěi tā dǎ kāi mén suǒ, bìng bǎ yào shi jiāo huán gěi le tā.) 

He unlocked her car door, and gave her back the key.

还给 (huán gěi) is an example of a 2 character combination that we call a bigram. Bigrams can be found in many languages, including English. They can be letters or words that are commonly found together to create a specific sound or meaning. In this case, the bigram 还给 (huán gěi) means ‘to give back’. It would be less likely (although not impossible) to find the  (hái) pronunciation of the character in proximity to the  (gěi) character especially based on the context of the sentence. Deciding which character to choose in this case is a combination of context and learning bigrams.  

Learning bigrams instead of struggling with single characters is a way in which you can learn to distinguish between characters that look very similar. There are some characters that just plain look alike. They may have an extra line, or an additional sticky-out bit, but to the beginner, they can quickly be mistaken for the wrong character. This is why learning bigrams, especially as a beginner of the Chinese language, can reduce such mistakes, because you are not focusing on one single character, but on the common 2 character combination.

If you get stuck when reading a character in a sentence look to the next character. If you’re studying bigrams, chances are the second character will remind you of the first character.

Below are some examples of character that look similar, but because of the common bigrams that they are found in, will make it easier to tell them apart.

In this next section, I will refer to specific character ‘strokes’ or lines that are used when writing characters. You may wish to refer back to our article, Chinese Character Strokes, but here is a quick review of the ones I will mention most often:

 (héng) – horizontal line

 (shù) – vertical line

 (piě) – downward curving stroke to the left

 (nà) – downward curving stroke to the right

/ (lì/dāo) power/ knife

1Difference: The balance of these characters is slightly different, as the  (dāo) character is larger and takes up the whole ‘space’. The  (héng) stroke of the  (lì) character should begin lower, allowing for the downward curving stroke, known as  (piě), to begin above the horizontal stroke.

Examples of  (lì):

努力 (nǔ lì) – to try hard

压力 (yā lì) – pressure

Examples of  (dāo):

刀子 (dāo zi) – knife

剪刀 (jiǎn dāo) – scissors

/ (wǔ/ niú) 11 a.m.-1 p.m/ cow

2Difference: The tip of the vertical stroke on the  (niú) character, known as  (shù), begins slightly above the first horizontal stroke,  (héng).

 (wǔ) is rarely used on its own, and often found in time phrases like in the following:

Examples of  (wǔ):

下午 (xià wǔ) – afternoon

上午 (shàng wǔ) – morning

Examples of  (niú):

牛肉 (niú ròu) – beef

牛奶 (niú nǎi) – cow’s milk

/ (yǐ/ jǐ) already/ self

3Difference: Two of the more difficult characters to distinguish between,  (yǐ) and  (jǐ) are almost identical apart from a tiny extra line in the  (yǐ) character. The  (shù) stroke begins above the second horizontal stroke.

Examples of  (yǐ):

已经 (yǐ jīng) – already

早已 (zǎo yǐ) – a long time ago

Examples of  (jǐ):

自己 zì jǐ – oneself

知己 zhī jǐ – to know oneself

How to Learn Chinese Characters with Mnemonics

With some characters, creating mnemonics can help with distinguishing between similar looking characters. A mnemonic can be a story or pattern of letters that can help you to remember something longer or more complex. A Chinese character mnemonic can help remind you of as many elements of the character as you want, meaning, tone, pronunciation etc.

/ (mǎi / mài) buy / sell

maiA simple mnemonic to distinguish between  (mǎi) and  (mài) is that if you ‘sell’  (mài) something you will receive money (maybe ten  (shí) ?). The character  (shí) can be seen added to the top of the  (mǎi) character to make  (mài).

You can apply a mnemonic to any character to remember it. You can visit our Online Dictionary and view existing mnemonics or even post your own ideas.

How to Learn Chinese Characters with Radicals

Radicals are the ‘building blocks’ of Chinese characters. They are most often on the bottom or the left side, and indicate the ‘meaning’ of a character. For example, the character  (kǒu) is also used as a radical and means ‘mouth’. Therefore, the radical  (kǒu) is often found in words that relate to the mouth, such as  (jiào), meaning to shout or  (chī) meaning to eat. In order to learn Chinese characters properly, it’s a good idea to start acclimatizing yourself with some of the basic radicals.

You can learn about some of the more common Radicals here. You can find the radicals for all the characters you learn by checking them in the Written Chinese Dictionary, both online and in the mobile app. Just search for the character and you will a ‘Radical Breakdown’ for that character.

For a more comprehensive list of radicals, take a look at the radical feature in our Written Chinese Dictionary app.

Radicals can be one of the best ways to distinguish between Chinese characters, especially as the right hand side of the character often refers to (but not always) the pronunciation of a character.

Let’s look at these characters for example:

线/ (xiàn/qián) line/money

xianBoth characters contain the same part:  (jiān). It would be very easy to mix up these characters, if you did not pay attention to their specific radicals.

Both characters, 线 (xiàn) and  (qián) , take their pronunciation from  (jiān) that we see on the right hand side. The meaning of the first character 线 (xiàn), is ‘line’ or ‘thread’ and is dictated by the radical on the left hand side, 纟(sī), which represents a bolt of silk. The second character,  (qián), has the radical for ‘gold’ ,钅(jīn) which tells us that the meaning of the character is ‘money’ or ‘coins’.

Here are some other examples of characters that look alike, but can be differentiated by their radicals.

/ (nà/nǎ) that/how

6The character  (nǎ) features the  (kǒu) radical, meaning mouth. The  (kǒu) radical, as mentioned above, is often used for characters relating to the mouth. It is also used in some question words including  (ma) and  (nǎ).

/ (yǎn/gēn) eye/with

7The right hand part of the character is 艮 (gèn) and provides the pronunciation for  (yǎn) and  (gēn). The radical for the  (yǎn) character is  (mù), meaning eye. The radical found in the  (gēn) character is  (zú) or foot. The foot radical is used here because the full meaning of  (gēn) is ‘close behind’ or the ‘heel’ of a foot.

Exercises

If you want to test your character recognition, complete these simple exercises and we’ll post the answers later!

1. Add another stroke to the  (rì) character to make new ones (hint: you can make around 9 characters).

2. Find the ‘wrong’ character in the sentences.

a. 我己经吃过饭了。(wǒ jǐ jīng chī guò fàn le.) I have finished the meal.

b. 下牛去看电影好吗? (xià niú qù kàn diàn yǐng hǎo ma?) How about going to the cinema this afternoon?

c. 妈妈没有告诉我他去哪儿了。(mā ma méi yǒu gào su wǒ tā qù nǎr le) Mom didn’t tell me where she was going.

Keep your eyes peeled for a new series of ‘characters that look alike’ on our social media platforms, including Facebook and Twitter. We’d love it if you shared, liked and commented on them!

 
If you’re interested in learning Chinese, you can check out our Written Chinese Dictionary! You can learn more about our Chinese Learning Toolkit here! You can also click on the links below to download it for your iOS and Android devices!
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Facebook Comments

  • carl guymer

    Good article Holllie. Have you or are you going to do an article on the “Chinese broken marks dictionary” system,which I only learned of recently, while reading the “Mcgraw-Hill’s Dictionary and guide to 20 000 essential words, by Quanyu Huang.
    Recently I purchased the “New Japanese – English character dictionary” kenkyusha…Jack Halpern. This dictionary uses the “SKIP” system for quickly identifying japanese characters, so it looks like a quick system that could be used to identify/ lookup Chinese characters also. I have not seen the “SKIP” system used for Chinese characters. Using Chinese dictionaries can be frustrating for us “Newbies”. Will you give us a blog on the types and use of Chinese dictionaries…Zidian…Cidian….? I recently purchased a full set of the chinese language dictionaries(13 vols) which had come from the estate of a late teacher at Ampleforth college, but they are very difficult to use!

    • Hollie Sowden

      Hi Carl. The system is something completely new to me, but I’ll see if I can get a copy of the book! I did write an article some time ago about using a dictionary with radicals, but the instructions are quite basic: http://writtenchinese.allbestforyou.net/radical-truth-importance-learning-radicals/ It sounds like you have your work cut out for you with 13 volumes! I’ll add the article to my list, and do some research. Thanks for your message 🙂

      • John Carpenter

        http://zhongwen.com/zi.htm
        This is Dictionary Web online.
        Many of the Chinese dictionaries on the web are interlinked at a character-to-character level, allowing visitors to jump across dictionaries to check the same character entry without having to search again for the character. Find a character in any of the above dictionaries and you can follow the blue links, jumping between more than a dozen dictionaries spread across seven countries and four continents.

  • Hollie Sowden

    ANSWERS TO EXERCISES:

    1. 白 申 由 旦 甲 旧 电 目 田
    2a. The second character is incorrect. 己→已
    2b. The second character is incorrect. 牛→午
    2c. The eighth character is incorrect since the English translation refers to ‘she’, not ‘he’. 他→她

    How did you do? Let us know below!

    • John Carpenter

      wǔ (HSK 1) uses shí for its radical. niú (HSK 2) is all radical.

      • Chamcen Liu

        Nice one~!

  • Pingback: Mandarin Weekly #75 – Mandarin Weekly (每周中文)()

  • Aikyu999

    白=white, 自=self …Agh!

    • Aikyu999

      And 曰,日,目

      • Hollie Sowden

        What a nightmare! Looks like you’re half way to completing the exercises already 😀

    • John Carpenter

      Go over to Arch Chinese and watch each character being stroked. You’ll get it then..

      • Hollie Sowden

        Orrrr, just stay here and use our https://dictionary.writtenchinese.com 😀

        • John Carpenter

          Hollie,Is it customary to reply via email to posters on your site or have I “crossed a line” of which I was unaware.  If the latter please accept my apology.

          • Hollie Sowden

            Hi, John. If I understand correctly, you want to send, or have sent, an email to another user on our site? I’m not sure if it’s ‘customary’, but since our email addresses are available, I don’t think it crosses a line. I suppose, it would be more about the nature of the email than anything, but we can only moderate what gets posted on the site.

          • John Carpenter

            My original post was a “drive-by posting,” not intended to provoke an email response. In fact I was unaware that our emails were public, not used to that. Receiving an email response to my post was therefore an unusual experience. In social media it’s very rare for me to want to exchange emails.
            要不然,加油。恭喜你的工作。爱你的播客。保重。

          • Hollie Sowden

            Hi, John. Of course, we would like our users to use our own dictionary and tools, but since there are lots of competitors out there making similar products to us people are bound to share them here (I hope people are doing the same for us!). Perhaps since I’m a moderator I can see emails. I’m sorry for being dense, but who did you receive an email from?

          • John Carpenter

            No idea , Miss. Has your name on it, though…It wasn’t you…? Hmmm…

          • Hollie Sowden

            Hmm, I wonder if it was because I directly replied to your message here. It could have just been a notification. Sorry for the confusion!

          • John Carpenter

            没问题。都好。

  • Kyle the cool iron cart

    Li vs dao,OK the different about li and Dāo is that li has 1 little line on top but Dāo does not.

    • Hollie Sowden

      Great picture! 😀